REAL ESTATE AND PUBLIC UTILITY PROPERTY TAXES: Taxable Values, Gross Taxes Levied, and Taxes Charged, by Class of Property and County, Tax Year 2017 (Calendar Year 2018 Collection)
Taxes charged on all real estate and public utility tangible property by all local governments in Ohio for tax year 2017 (calendar year 2018 collection) were $17.9 billion on a total assessed value of $263.3 billion, as reported on abstracts filed by the county auditors. This compares to approximately $24.7 billion in gross taxes levied (i.e., before tax reduction factors) on the same property.
Percentage tax reductions required by Section 319.301 of the Ohio Revised Code were applied to the gross amount of taxes levied to obtain the net amount of taxes charged.
Separate percentage reductions are applied to two classes of real property; Class I real property is the combined value of residential and agricultural property while class II real property is the combined value of commercial, industrial, mineral, and public utility property. The tax reduction factors are calculated to eliminate the effect of increases in the valuation of existing real property in a taxing unit (school district, county, municipality, etc.) on voted levies. These tax reductions do not apply to public utility tangible personal property taxes.
Real property taxes charged (not real property gross taxes levied) represent tax revenues to be received by local governments. The “taxes charged” figure is prior to any reduction of real estate taxes resulting from the ten percent non-business credit, the two and one half percent owner-occupancy credit, or homestead exemption. These reductions are reimbursed to local governments from the state general revenue fund (net of fees deducted to pay for the state's administration of local property taxes).
For tax year 2017, Franklin County maintained the highest total taxable value while Cuyahoga had the highest taxes, both levied and charged. Vinton County had the lowest total taxable value and taxes levied while Morgan County had the lowest taxes charged.
With respect to changes in value, Franklin county had the largest dollar increase from tax year 2016 to 2017 at approximately $3,074.7 million (11.4 percent); the majority of this increase was concentrated within the class I real property classification. Ottawa county experienced the largest dollar decrease in total value, a loss of -$111.7 million (-5.7 percent); the majority of this change in value was in public utility tangible personal property, with a reduction of $130.0 million.
In terms of changes in taxes, Franklin county had the largest dollar increase in total taxes levied from tax year 2016 to 2017, at approximately $383.7 million (12.2 percent) and the largest dollar increase in total taxes charged at approximately $95.3 million (4.1 percent). Ottawa county had the largest dollar decrease in total taxes levied from tax year 2016 to 2017, at approximately -$4.9 million (-3.7 percent) and the largest dollar decrease in total taxes charged, at approximately -$5.6 million (-6.5 percent).
Data derived from abstracts filed by the county auditors with the Ohio Department of Taxation.