Tax Data Series

SCHOOL DISTRICT INCOME TAX: School District Income Tax Distributions Quarterly Report, Fiscal Year 2018

Table SD-2-Q1 shows the first quarterly distribution of school district income tax to school districts during fiscal year 2018. Payments are made by the Ohio Department of Taxation at the end of the month following the end of a calendar quarter.  For the first quarterly payment in fiscal year 2018, a total of $147.8 million was distributed to 198 school districts (this includes 8 districts that received distributions though the tax is no longer in effect).

Pickerington Local School District in Fairfield County received the largest amount ($6,011,027).  The smallest distribution for districts with an existing tax went to Crestline Exempted Village School District in Crawford County ($65,450).

In 1989, the legislature enacted Senate Bill 28, reauthorizing the use of local income taxes for school districts. Under the traditional base, the school district income tax is closely tied to the state income tax, having an identical tax base. However, with the passage of  House Bill 66 (State Operating Budget for fiscal years 2006 – 2007) in the 126th General Assembly, school districts are now authorized to levy the tax, subject to voter approval, on an alternate tax base that includes only earned income and self-employment income (including income from partnerships) of the residents of the school district. The tax is paid by residents of the district, regardless of where they work. Non-residents working in the district and corporations are not taxed.

The taxes are collected by the state in the same manner as the state income tax: through quarterly estimated payments, annual returns or withholding.  Employers remit withholding tax either monthly or quarterly.  Employers who pay on a partial weekly schedule for state purposes pay monthly for school district purposes.  The state retains 1.50 percent of collections to cover administrative expenses.