Vehicle Taxability

All title transfers and exemption claims on motor vehicles and other equipment is regularly audited by the Ohio Department of Taxation in accordance with Ohio Revised Code (RC) 4505.09(B)(2)(c) and 5739.13 to verify if the sales tax liability has been satisfied.

When a motor vehicle title is transferred, the price of the vehicle is reported to a Clerk of Courts Title Office and sales tax is paid on the price of the vehicle.   

 

Key Resources

Casual Sales – These sales are defined as the transfer of a motor vehicle title between two individuals who are not affiliated with a licensed dealership. Learn more here.  

Exemptions & Taxability – Ohio law allows certain vehicle transactions to be made without paying sales tax. Find out more here.

Leasing & Dealer Transactions – This link is for licensed dealerships to obtain more information on the application of sales tax to their transactions including leases.   

Aircraft – The sale of an aircraft may be subject to sales tax. This page will provide additional resources regarding the taxability of aircraft.

Watercraft & Outboard Motors – The transfer of a watercraft or outboard motor is generally taxed in the same manner as motor vehicles. Get the information you need here.

Downloads – Forms, questionnaires, and additional resources can be found on this page. Please click on the download link in order to see a list of available forms to download.

Did you receive a letter from us?  - This link will provide more information on notices that are sent and how best to respond.

 

Frequently Asked Questions Tool

The Ohio Department of Taxation has compiled a list of frequently asked questions covering many different categories.

To view the questions, click on the "Select Category" bar and then click on  the category you are interested in  .  A list of questions will appear pertaining to that category. Then click on the question you are inquiring about and the answer will appear.

Are farmers exempt from sales or use tax on vehicles that are licensed to operate on the highways?

Generally, no.  Farmers are only exempt on equipment that is primarily used in farming, such as tractors, planters or combines that plow the fields, plant or harvest the crops. Motor vehicles (automobiles, trucks, etc.) registered for use on the highways and used to transport seed, fertilizers, chemicals or finished products are taxable. APV’s qualify for exemption only if used primarily (more than 50 percent of the time) in farming (similar to the way a tractor is used).

An exception is the purchase of a specially designed vehicle with a tank operated with a power take-off unit (PTO) and used primarily to spray liquid fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, etc., on farm lands and crops. This vehicle is owned by a company hired by a farmer to provide a farming service and must operate on the highways since it travels from farm to farm. If the tank/sprayer is not operated by a power take-off unit, the vehicle is subject to the tax but the tank/sprayer unit is not.  In this case, the dealer must separate the charges for the vehicle and the tank/sprayer unit.

Another exception is vehicles and trailers that are primarily used to prevent illness to farm livestock for sale, or to prevent contamination of livestock products for sale. For example, a trailer primarily used to inoculate swine and cattle for sale, or transport sick animals to and from quarantine areas are not subject to the tax. Also, a trailer owned by the farmer to primarily transport feed to the farm that would otherwise be contaminated if shipped commercially may be exempt. Vehicles owned and used by egg producers to ship eggs from the farm to market under refrigerated conditions are also not subject to tax.

Are farmers exempt from sales or use tax on vehicles that are licensed to operate on the highways?

Generally, no.  Farmers are only exempt on equipment that is primarily used in farming, such as tractors, planters or combines that plow the fields, plant or harvest the crops. Motor vehicles (automobiles, trucks, etc.) registered for use on the highways and used to transport seed, fertilizers, chemicals or finished products are taxable. APV’s qualify for exemption only if used primarily (more than 50 percent of the time) in farming (similar to the way a tractor is used).

An exception is the purchase of a specially designed vehicle with a tank operated with a power take-off unit (PTO) and used primarily to spray liquid fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, etc., on farm lands and crops. This vehicle is owned by a company hired by a farmer to provide a farming service and must operate on the highways since it travels from farm to farm. If the tank/sprayer is not operated by a power take-off unit, the vehicle is subject to the tax but the tank/sprayer unit is not.  In this case, the dealer must separate the charges for the vehicle and the tank/sprayer unit.

Another exception is vehicles and trailers that are primarily used to prevent illness to farm livestock for sale, or to prevent contamination of livestock products for sale. For example, a trailer primarily used to inoculate swine and cattle for sale, or transport sick animals to and from quarantine areas are not subject to the tax. Also, a trailer owned by the farmer to primarily transport feed to the farm that would otherwise be contaminated if shipped commercially may be exempt. Vehicles owned and used by egg producers to ship eggs from the farm to market under refrigerated conditions are also not subject to tax.