Vehicle Taxability

All title transfers and exemption claims on motor vehicles and other equipment is regularly audited by the Ohio Department of Taxation in accordance with Ohio Revised Code (RC) 4505.09(B)(2)(c) and 5739.13 to verify if the sales tax liability has been satisfied.

When a motor vehicle title is transferred, the price of the vehicle is reported to a Clerk of Courts Title Office and sales tax is paid on the price of the vehicle.   

 

Key Resources

Casual Sales – These sales are defined as the transfer of a motor vehicle title between two individuals who are not affiliated with a licensed dealership. Learn more here.  

Exemptions & Taxability – Ohio law allows certain vehicle transactions to be made without paying sales tax. Find out more here.

Leasing & Dealer Transactions – This link is for licensed dealerships to obtain more information on the application of sales tax to their transactions including leases.   

Aircraft – The sale of an aircraft may be subject to sales tax. This page will provide additional resources regarding the taxability of aircraft.

Watercraft & Outboard Motors – The transfer of a watercraft or outboard motor is generally taxed in the same manner as motor vehicles. Get the information you need here.

Downloads – Forms, questionnaires, and additional resources can be found on this page. Please click on the download link in order to see a list of available forms to download.

Did you receive a letter from us?  - This link will provide more information on notices that are sent and how best to respond.

 

Frequently Asked Questions Tool

The Ohio Department of Taxation has compiled a list of frequently asked questions covering many different categories.

To view the questions, click on the "Select Category" bar and then click on  the category you are interested in  .  A list of questions will appear pertaining to that category. Then click on the question you are inquiring about and the answer will appear.

  

Are members of the armed services exempt from sales or use tax?

No.  If the vehicle is purchased in Ohio by a member of the armed services who is a resident of Ohio, Ohio sales or use tax is due.

If the vehicle is purchased in Ohio by a member of the armed services who declares that he/she is a resident of another state or country, but will be registering the vehicle for use in Ohio while stationed here, Ohio sales or use tax is due.

If the vehicle is purchased in Ohio by a member of the armed services who declares that he/she is not a resident of Ohio and that the vehicle will be immediately removed from Ohio for titling and registration in the other state, Ohio sales or use tax is not due, unless the vehicle will be titled in one of the eight states where Ohio collects the sales tax. A nonresident affidavit must be provided by the purchaser. Use the ATPS exemption code “NR: Nonresident affidavit – immediate removal.”   

If the vehicle is purchased outside of Ohio by a member of the armed services who is a resident of Ohio and the vehicle is to be driven in Ohio, Ohio sales or use tax is due.  

If the vehicle is purchased outside of Ohio by a member of the armed services who is a resident of Ohio and the vehicle is to be driven outside Ohio, the Ohio Supreme Court has ruled that no Ohio sales or use tax is due. The Supreme Court did not indicate the amount of time that a vehicle had to be driven outside of Ohio to qualify, so the department has adopted the “six-month” rule in that the period of time must be more than six months (as evidenced by a copy of the individual’s military orders indicating out-of-state service for a period of at least six months after the purchase date). The vehicle must be titled in the name of the military person. Use the ATPS exemption code “CM: Conversion – military.”

If the vehicle is purchased outside of Ohio by a member of the armed services who is a resident of Ohio and the vehicle is or is to be driven outside of Ohio for less than six months (member of armed services being transferred to Ohio or is returning to Ohio upon separation from armed services), sales and use tax is due.

Are members of the armed services exempt from sales or use tax?

No.  If the vehicle is purchased in Ohio by a member of the armed services who is a resident of Ohio, Ohio sales or use tax is due.

If the vehicle is purchased in Ohio by a member of the armed services who declares that he/she is a resident of another state or country, but will be registering the vehicle for use in Ohio while stationed here, Ohio sales or use tax is due.

If the vehicle is purchased in Ohio by a member of the armed services who declares that he/she is not a resident of Ohio and that the vehicle will be immediately removed from Ohio for titling and registration in the other state, Ohio sales or use tax is not due, unless the vehicle will be titled in one of the eight states where Ohio collects the sales tax. A nonresident affidavit must be provided by the purchaser. Use the ATPS exemption code “NR: Nonresident affidavit – immediate removal.”   

If the vehicle is purchased outside of Ohio by a member of the armed services who is a resident of Ohio and the vehicle is to be driven in Ohio, Ohio sales or use tax is due.  

If the vehicle is purchased outside of Ohio by a member of the armed services who is a resident of Ohio and the vehicle is to be driven outside Ohio, the Ohio Supreme Court has ruled that no Ohio sales or use tax is due. The Supreme Court did not indicate the amount of time that a vehicle had to be driven outside of Ohio to qualify, so the department has adopted the “six-month” rule in that the period of time must be more than six months (as evidenced by a copy of the individual’s military orders indicating out-of-state service for a period of at least six months after the purchase date). The vehicle must be titled in the name of the military person. Use the ATPS exemption code “CM: Conversion – military.”

If the vehicle is purchased outside of Ohio by a member of the armed services who is a resident of Ohio and the vehicle is or is to be driven outside of Ohio for less than six months (member of armed services being transferred to Ohio or is returning to Ohio upon separation from armed services), sales and use tax is due.