Vehicle Taxability

All title transfers and exemption claims on motor vehicles and other equipment is regularly audited by the Ohio Department of Taxation in accordance with Ohio Revised Code (RC) 4505.09(B)(2)(c) and 5739.13 to verify if the sales tax liability has been satisfied.

When a motor vehicle title is transferred, the price of the vehicle is reported to a Clerk of Courts Title Office and sales tax is paid on the price of the vehicle.   

 

Key Resources

Casual Sales – These sales are defined as the transfer of a motor vehicle title between two individuals who are not affiliated with a licensed dealership. Learn more here.  

Exemptions & Taxability – Ohio law allows certain vehicle transactions to be made without paying sales tax. Find out more here.

Leasing & Dealer Transactions – This link is for licensed dealerships to obtain more information on the application of sales tax to their transactions including leases.   

Aircraft – The sale of an aircraft may be subject to sales tax. This page will provide additional resources regarding the taxability of aircraft.

Watercraft & Outboard Motors – The transfer of a watercraft or outboard motor is generally taxed in the same manner as motor vehicles. Get the information you need here.

Downloads – Forms, questionnaires, and additional resources can be found on this page. Please click on the download link in order to see a list of available forms to download.

Did you receive a letter from us?  - This link will provide more information on notices that are sent and how best to respond.

 

Frequently Asked Questions Tool

The Ohio Department of Taxation has compiled a list of frequently asked questions covering many different categories.

To view the questions, click on the "Select Category" bar and then click on  the category you are interested in  .  A list of questions will appear pertaining to that category. Then click on the question you are inquiring about and the answer will appear.

  

Can you provide some examples of "consideration" other than money that is given in exchange for a certificate of title?

Examples include, but are not limited to the following:

(A) An item of tangible personal property; such as another vehicle, a boat, a horse, etc., given in exchange. The fair market value of the tangible personal property exchanged is the amount of consideration. If there is an even trade of motor vehicles between two individuals with no money exchanged, each individual must pay tax based on the fair market value of the motor vehicle.

(B) Real property, such as a lot, that is given in exchange. In this instance, the fair market value of the real property is the amount of consideration and tax must be paid on that amount.

(C) Shares of corporate stock, whether transferred to or from a corporation in exchange for a motor vehicle. For example, the transfer of a motor vehicle from an individual to a corporation of which the individual is sole owner or a stockholder constitutes a sale and the fair market value of the stock given in exchange is the tax base. If there is no established market value for the stock or securities, it is presumed that the stock’s value is equal to the fair market value of the vehicle or the value of the vehicle on the corporate books.

(D) Cancellation of debt owed to the purchaser or new titleholder.

(E) The transfer of a motor vehicle resulting from the assumption, by the transferee (new titleholder), of a mortgage through a “transfer of equity or interest agreement” wherein the transferor (previous titleholder) is relieved of its original principal liability and becomes a guarantor is a transfer for consideration and subject to tax. The tax base is the total amount of the mortgage assumed plus any other consideration given.

(F) The transfer of a motor vehicle as the result of the transferee (new titleholder) paying off the mortgage in the name of the transferor (previous titleholder) is a transfer for consideration. The tax base is the amount of the pay off plus any other consideration given either in trade or money.

Can you provide some examples of "consideration" other than money that is given in exchange for a certificate of title?

Examples include, but are not limited to the following:

(A) An item of tangible personal property; such as another vehicle, a boat, a horse, etc., given in exchange. The fair market value of the tangible personal property exchanged is the amount of consideration. If there is an even trade of motor vehicles between two individuals with no money exchanged, each individual must pay tax based on the fair market value of the motor vehicle.

(B) Real property, such as a lot, that is given in exchange. In this instance, the fair market value of the real property is the amount of consideration and tax must be paid on that amount.

(C) Shares of corporate stock, whether transferred to or from a corporation in exchange for a motor vehicle. For example, the transfer of a motor vehicle from an individual to a corporation of which the individual is sole owner or a stockholder constitutes a sale and the fair market value of the stock given in exchange is the tax base. If there is no established market value for the stock or securities, it is presumed that the stock’s value is equal to the fair market value of the vehicle or the value of the vehicle on the corporate books.

(D) Cancellation of debt owed to the purchaser or new titleholder.

(E) The transfer of a motor vehicle resulting from the assumption, by the transferee (new titleholder), of a mortgage through a “transfer of equity or interest agreement” wherein the transferor (previous titleholder) is relieved of its original principal liability and becomes a guarantor is a transfer for consideration and subject to tax. The tax base is the total amount of the mortgage assumed plus any other consideration given.

(F) The transfer of a motor vehicle as the result of the transferee (new titleholder) paying off the mortgage in the name of the transferor (previous titleholder) is a transfer for consideration. The tax base is the amount of the pay off plus any other consideration given either in trade or money.

Can you provide some examples of "consideration" other than money that is given in exchange for a certificate of title?

Examples include, but are not limited to the following:

(A) An item of tangible personal property; such as another vehicle, a boat, a horse, etc., given in exchange. The fair market value of the tangible personal property exchanged is the amount of consideration. If there is an even trade of motor vehicles between two individuals with no money exchanged, each individual must pay tax based on the fair market value of the motor vehicle.

(B) Real property, such as a lot, that is given in exchange. In this instance, the fair market value of the real property is the amount of consideration and tax must be paid on that amount.

(C) Shares of corporate stock, whether transferred to or from a corporation in exchange for a motor vehicle. For example, the transfer of a motor vehicle from an individual to a corporation of which the individual is sole owner or a stockholder constitutes a sale and the fair market value of the stock given in exchange is the tax base. If there is no established market value for the stock or securities, it is presumed that the stock’s value is equal to the fair market value of the vehicle or the value of the vehicle on the corporate books.

(D) Cancellation of debt owed to the purchaser or new titleholder.

(E) The transfer of a motor vehicle resulting from the assumption, by the transferee (new titleholder), of a mortgage through a “transfer of equity or interest agreement” wherein the transferor (previous titleholder) is relieved of its original principal liability and becomes a guarantor is a transfer for consideration and subject to tax. The tax base is the total amount of the mortgage assumed plus any other consideration given.

(F) The transfer of a motor vehicle as the result of the transferee (new titleholder) paying off the mortgage in the name of the transferor (previous titleholder) is a transfer for consideration. The tax base is the amount of the pay off plus any other consideration given either in trade or money.

Can you provide some examples of "consideration" other than money that is given in exchange for a certificate of title?

Examples include, but are not limited to the following:

(A) An item of tangible personal property; such as another vehicle, a boat, a horse, etc., given in exchange. The fair market value of the tangible personal property exchanged is the amount of consideration. If there is an even trade of motor vehicles between two individuals with no money exchanged, each individual must pay tax based on the fair market value of the motor vehicle.

(B) Real property, such as a lot, that is given in exchange. In this instance, the fair market value of the real property is the amount of consideration and tax must be paid on that amount.

(C) Shares of corporate stock, whether transferred to or from a corporation in exchange for a motor vehicle. For example, the transfer of a motor vehicle from an individual to a corporation of which the individual is sole owner or a stockholder constitutes a sale and the fair market value of the stock given in exchange is the tax base. If there is no established market value for the stock or securities, it is presumed that the stock’s value is equal to the fair market value of the vehicle or the value of the vehicle on the corporate books.

(D) Cancellation of debt owed to the purchaser or new titleholder.

(E) The transfer of a motor vehicle resulting from the assumption, by the transferee (new titleholder), of a mortgage through a “transfer of equity or interest agreement” wherein the transferor (previous titleholder) is relieved of its original principal liability and becomes a guarantor is a transfer for consideration and subject to tax. The tax base is the total amount of the mortgage assumed plus any other consideration given.

(F) The transfer of a motor vehicle as the result of the transferee (new titleholder) paying off the mortgage in the name of the transferor (previous titleholder) is a transfer for consideration. The tax base is the amount of the pay off plus any other consideration given either in trade or money.