Vehicle Taxability & Exemptions

Taxability & Exemptions of Motor Vehicles

All sales of motor vehicle are subject to sales or use tax unless an exemption applies.  The tax rate charged is based on the county of the purchaser’s residence.  While  other items may be exempted as a casual sale, the resale of a used motor vehicle is not eligible for this exemption.  

Did you receive a notice from us? 

The definition of a Casual Sale is found in R.C. 5739.01(L).

The application of Sales and Use tax to a casual sale can be referenced in R.C. 5739.02(B)(8)

What is an exemption?

An exemption is a statutory reason that a retail sale is not subject to  sales or use tax. This page discusses exemptions that may apply to motor vehicle transfers.

 

A few examples of exemptions for motor vehicles:

Direct FarmingFarming –Motor vehicles  used primarily in the production of agricultural products for sale may be exempt under R.C. 5739.02(B)(17)

Transportation for Hire – Motor vehicles used primarily in transporting tangible personal property for others may be exempt under R.C. 5739.02(B)(32)

Nonprofit Organizations & Churches – Purchases of motor vehicles by nonprofit charitable organizations and churches may be exempt if the vehicle is purchased by and titled in the name of the organization.  R.C. 5739.02(B)(12)

Transportation Services and Public Utilities  – Vehicles   primarily used to provide taxable transportation services,  such as taxicabs or charter services.  Note—the purchaser  is required to have a vendor’s license and remit sales tax on its taxable transportation services.  R.C. 5739.02(B)(41)

What other vehicle purchases are exempt from the sales and use tax?

Find the answer on our Exemptions Definitions page.

 

Frequently Asked Questions Tool

The Ohio Department of Taxation has compiled a list of frequently asked questions covering many different categories.

To view the questions, click on the "Select Category" bar and then click on  the category you are interested in.  A list of questions will appear pertaining to that category. Then click on the question you are inquiring about and the answer will appear.

Is mobility-enhancing equipment added to a motor vehicle subject to the sales or use tax?

Ohio law provides a sales tax exemption for sales of mobility-enhancing equipment, when made pursuant to a prescription and when such devices or equipment are used by a human being. “Mobility-enhancing equipment” means equipment, including repair and replacement parts for such equipment, that is primarily and customarily used to provide or increase the ability to move from one place to another and is appropriate for use either in a home or a motor vehicle, that is not generally used by persons with normal mobility, and that does not include any motor vehicle or equipment on a motor vehicle normally provided by a motor vehicle manufacturer.

The price for mobility-enhancing equipment sold with  a new motor vehicle MUST be separately stated from the price of the motor vehicle and other vehicle options. If not separately stated, the entire price of the motor vehicle is subject to tax.

If a mobility-enhanced modified motor vehicle is sold by a used vehicle dealer or as a casual sale (non-dealer sale), the price for the entire vehicle is subject to tax because the price of the mobility-enhancing equipment is not separately stated.

Is mobility-enhancing equipment added to a motor vehicle subject to the sales or use tax?

Ohio law provides a sales tax exemption for sales of mobility-enhancing equipment, when made pursuant to a prescription and when such devices or equipment are used by a human being. “Mobility-enhancing equipment” means equipment, including repair and replacement parts for such equipment, that is primarily and customarily used to provide or increase the ability to move from one place to another and is appropriate for use either in a home or a motor vehicle, that is not generally used by persons with normal mobility, and that does not include any motor vehicle or equipment on a motor vehicle normally provided by a motor vehicle manufacturer.

The price for mobility-enhancing equipment sold with  a new motor vehicle MUST be separately stated from the price of the motor vehicle and other vehicle options. If not separately stated, the entire price of the motor vehicle is subject to tax.

If a mobility-enhanced modified motor vehicle is sold by a used vehicle dealer or as a casual sale (non-dealer sale), the price for the entire vehicle is subject to tax because the price of the mobility-enhancing equipment is not separately stated.

Is mobility-enhancing equipment added to a motor vehicle subject to the sales or use tax?

Ohio law provides a sales tax exemption for sales of mobility-enhancing equipment, when made pursuant to a prescription and when such devices or equipment are used by a human being. “Mobility-enhancing equipment” means equipment, including repair and replacement parts for such equipment, that is primarily and customarily used to provide or increase the ability to move from one place to another and is appropriate for use either in a home or a motor vehicle, that is not generally used by persons with normal mobility, and that does not include any motor vehicle or equipment on a motor vehicle normally provided by a motor vehicle manufacturer.

The price for mobility-enhancing equipment sold with  a new motor vehicle MUST be separately stated from the price of the motor vehicle and other vehicle options. If not separately stated, the entire price of the motor vehicle is subject to tax.

If a mobility-enhanced modified motor vehicle is sold by a used vehicle dealer or as a casual sale (non-dealer sale), the price for the entire vehicle is subject to tax because the price of the mobility-enhancing equipment is not separately stated.