Vehicle Taxability & Exemptions

Taxability & Exemptions of Motor Vehicles

All sales of motor vehicle are subject to sales or use tax unless an exemption applies.  The tax rate charged is based on the county of the purchaser’s residence.  While  other items may be exempted as a casual sale, the resale of a used motor vehicle is not eligible for this exemption.  

Did you receive a notice from us? 

The definition of a Casual Sale is found in R.C. 5739.01(L).

The application of Sales and Use tax to a casual sale can be referenced in R.C. 5739.02(B)(8)

What is an exemption?

An exemption is a statutory reason that a retail sale is not subject to  sales or use tax. This page discusses exemptions that may apply to motor vehicle transfers.

 

A few examples of exemptions for motor vehicles:

Direct FarmingFarming –Motor vehicles  used primarily in the production of agricultural products for sale may be exempt under R.C. 5739.02(B)(17)

Transportation for Hire – Motor vehicles used primarily in transporting tangible personal property for others may be exempt under R.C. 5739.02(B)(32)

Nonprofit Organizations & Churches – Purchases of motor vehicles by nonprofit charitable organizations and churches may be exempt if the vehicle is purchased by and titled in the name of the organization.  R.C. 5739.02(B)(12)

Transportation Services and Public Utilities  – Vehicles   primarily used to provide taxable transportation services,  such as taxicabs or charter services.  Note—the purchaser  is required to have a vendor’s license and remit sales tax on its taxable transportation services.  R.C. 5739.02(B)(41)

What other vehicle purchases are exempt from the sales and use tax?

Find the answer on our Exemptions Definitions page.

 

Frequently Asked Questions Tool

The Ohio Department of Taxation has compiled a list of frequently asked questions covering many different categories.

To view the questions, click on the "Select Category" bar and then click on  the category you are interested in.  A list of questions will appear pertaining to that category. Then click on the question you are inquiring about and the answer will appear.

  

Is the consumer entitled to a tax credit for taxes paid to another state?

Generally, yes. Credit is given for the amount of sales or use tax legally paid to another state or jurisdiction. Proof of tax paid to the other jurisdiction must be provided to the clerk of courts. If the amount paid to the other jurisdiction equals or exceeds the Ohio use tax due, no additional tax is due.

For vehicles leased outside Ohio after February 1, 2002, and subsequently moved into Ohio, the balance of the lease charges due after the leased vehicle is brought into Ohio is subject to Ohio’s up front sales tax. If the other state taxed the lease up front, credit is given for the other state’s sales or use tax. If the other state’s tax equals or exceeds the Ohio tax, no additional tax is due. If the other state taxed the lease on the monthly payments, no credit is allowed for the tax paid to the other state for the months prior to the vehicle entering Ohio. Tax is due “up front” on the total of the balance of the remaining lease payments.  

No credit is given for sales, use or similar taxes paid to a foreign country, such as Canada, Mexico, Germany, etc.

Is the consumer entitled to a tax credit for taxes paid to another state?

Generally, yes. Credit is given for the amount of sales or use tax legally paid to another state or jurisdiction. Proof of tax paid to the other jurisdiction must be provided to the clerk of courts. If the amount paid to the other jurisdiction equals or exceeds the Ohio use tax due, no additional tax is due.

For vehicles leased outside Ohio after February 1, 2002, and subsequently moved into Ohio, the balance of the lease charges due after the leased vehicle is brought into Ohio is subject to Ohio’s up front sales tax. If the other state taxed the lease up front, credit is given for the other state’s sales or use tax. If the other state’s tax equals or exceeds the Ohio tax, no additional tax is due. If the other state taxed the lease on the monthly payments, no credit is allowed for the tax paid to the other state for the months prior to the vehicle entering Ohio. Tax is due “up front” on the total of the balance of the remaining lease payments.  

No credit is given for sales, use or similar taxes paid to a foreign country, such as Canada, Mexico, Germany, etc.

Is the consumer entitled to a tax credit for taxes paid to another state?

Generally, yes. Credit is given for the amount of sales or use tax legally paid to another state or jurisdiction. Proof of tax paid to the other jurisdiction must be provided to the clerk of courts. If the amount paid to the other jurisdiction equals or exceeds the Ohio use tax due, no additional tax is due.

For vehicles leased outside Ohio after February 1, 2002, and subsequently moved into Ohio, the balance of the lease charges due after the leased vehicle is brought into Ohio is subject to Ohio’s up front sales tax. If the other state taxed the lease up front, credit is given for the other state’s sales or use tax. If the other state’s tax equals or exceeds the Ohio tax, no additional tax is due. If the other state taxed the lease on the monthly payments, no credit is allowed for the tax paid to the other state for the months prior to the vehicle entering Ohio. Tax is due “up front” on the total of the balance of the remaining lease payments.  

No credit is given for sales, use or similar taxes paid to a foreign country, such as Canada, Mexico, Germany, etc.