Vehicle Taxability - Leasing & Dealers

Leasing and Auto Dealer Transactions

When buying a vehicle from an auto dealer, there are many options available to the consumer.  Here we will provide information on how the sales tax applies to the different transactions that may occur.

 

Leases

A lease is any transfer of the possession or control of tangible personal property for a fixed or indefinite term, for consideration. Leases include future options to purchase or extend, and agreements where the amount of consideration may be increased or decreased by reference to the amount realized upon the sale or disposition of the property.

The link below will take you to a memo drafted by the Ohio Department of Taxation explaining how leases of motor vehicles are taxed.

Leasing Memo

 

Sales to Non-Residents of Ohio

Sales made in Ohio to a non-resident of Ohio that will be immediately removed from this state are generally exempt from Ohio sales tax.  Sales of motor vehicles that will be immediately removed to Arizona, California, Florida, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, and South Carolina are the only sales that are the exception to this rule.  Please see the Information Release for details.

 

The below chart can be used for a quick guide on how to calculate sales tax for these states:

 

 

State

Sales Tax Rate

Trade-In Allowance

Special Provisions

Arizona

6.60%

Yes –New and Used

 

California

7.25%

No

 

Florida

6.00%

Yes- New and Used

 

Indiana

7.00%

Yes-New and Used

Nonresident exemption for RVs and trailers with a load capacity of at least 2200 pounds

Massachusetts

6.25%

Yes-New and Used

 

Michigan

6.00%

No

 

South Carolina

5.00%

Yes-New and Used

Tax cap of $300.00

 

Frequently Asked Questions Tool

The Ohio Department of Taxation has compiled a list of frequently asked questions covering many different categories.

To view the questions, click on the "Select Category" bar and then click on  the category you are interested in.  A list of questions will appear pertaining to that category. Then click on the question you are inquiring about and the answer will appear.

What is included in the "price" of a motor vehicle when calculating the sales and use tax?

“Consideration” or “price” means the aggregate value in money of anything paid or promised to be paid or delivered in exchange for the transfer of either title to or possession of a motor vehicle, all-purpose vehicle, off-highway motorcycle, watercraft, outboard motor or personal watercraft.  “Price” includes manufacturer’s rebates.

A trade-in allowance reduces the price only if you are purchasing a:

    1.  New motor vehicle, all-purpose vehicle or off-highway motorcycle; OR

    2.  New or used watercraft, outboard motor or personal watercraft from an Ohio licensed watercraft dealer. 

The sales or use tax is computed upon the total amount of consideration, whether in cash, by exchange (trade) or by any means whatsoever.

The tax base includes all amounts charged for the following:

(a) Base price of vehicle, watercraft or outboard motor.

(b) Accessories (floor mats, mud flaps, air conditioning, cruise control, radio, CD player, etc.).

(c) Freight or transportation charges from the manufacturer to the dealer.

(d) National advertising that may be charged on a unit basis.

(e) Service and handling prior to delivery (preparation charge).

(f) Documentary fees (does not include separately stated title and registration fees or fees associated with the documentation of a watercraft with the U.S. Coast Guard).

(g) Undercoating.

(h) Extended warranty, service or maintenance contracts sold with the vehicle, i.e., as part of the vehicle purchase agreement. (Note: Extended warranties, service or maintenance agreements sold  subsequent to the vehicle’s purchase are subject to sales tax, but tax is paid directly to the vendor of the contract, not through the clerks of courts.)

(i) Delivery charges from the dealer to the customer effective Aug. 2003.

**** Special Notes ****

Manufacturer’s rebates and cash down payments do not reduce the “price” for calculating sales or use tax.  However, “price” is reduced by any cash discount not reimbursed by a third party given at the time of sale.

The 12 percent federal excise tax (FET) levied by the federal government on the purchaser of a heavy truck is not included in the “price” since it is a federal tax on the consumer.

What is included in the "price" of a motor vehicle when calculating the sales and use tax?

“Consideration” or “price” means the aggregate value in money of anything paid or promised to be paid or delivered in exchange for the transfer of either title to or possession of a motor vehicle, all-purpose vehicle, off-highway motorcycle, watercraft, outboard motor or personal watercraft.  “Price” includes manufacturer’s rebates.

A trade-in allowance reduces the price only if you are purchasing a:

    1.  New motor vehicle, all-purpose vehicle or off-highway motorcycle; OR

    2.  New or used watercraft, outboard motor or personal watercraft from an Ohio licensed watercraft dealer. 

The sales or use tax is computed upon the total amount of consideration, whether in cash, by exchange (trade) or by any means whatsoever.

The tax base includes all amounts charged for the following:

(a) Base price of vehicle, watercraft or outboard motor.

(b) Accessories (floor mats, mud flaps, air conditioning, cruise control, radio, CD player, etc.).

(c) Freight or transportation charges from the manufacturer to the dealer.

(d) National advertising that may be charged on a unit basis.

(e) Service and handling prior to delivery (preparation charge).

(f) Documentary fees (does not include separately stated title and registration fees or fees associated with the documentation of a watercraft with the U.S. Coast Guard).

(g) Undercoating.

(h) Extended warranty, service or maintenance contracts sold with the vehicle, i.e., as part of the vehicle purchase agreement. (Note: Extended warranties, service or maintenance agreements sold  subsequent to the vehicle’s purchase are subject to sales tax, but tax is paid directly to the vendor of the contract, not through the clerks of courts.)

(i) Delivery charges from the dealer to the customer effective Aug. 2003.

**** Special Notes ****

Manufacturer’s rebates and cash down payments do not reduce the “price” for calculating sales or use tax.  However, “price” is reduced by any cash discount not reimbursed by a third party given at the time of sale.

The 12 percent federal excise tax (FET) levied by the federal government on the purchaser of a heavy truck is not included in the “price” since it is a federal tax on the consumer.

What is included in the "price" of a motor vehicle when calculating the sales and use tax?

“Consideration” or “price” means the aggregate value in money of anything paid or promised to be paid or delivered in exchange for the transfer of either title to or possession of a motor vehicle, all-purpose vehicle, off-highway motorcycle, watercraft, outboard motor or personal watercraft.  “Price” includes manufacturer’s rebates.

A trade-in allowance reduces the price only if you are purchasing a:

    1.  New motor vehicle, all-purpose vehicle or off-highway motorcycle; OR

    2.  New or used watercraft, outboard motor or personal watercraft from an Ohio licensed watercraft dealer. 

The sales or use tax is computed upon the total amount of consideration, whether in cash, by exchange (trade) or by any means whatsoever.

The tax base includes all amounts charged for the following:

(a) Base price of vehicle, watercraft or outboard motor.

(b) Accessories (floor mats, mud flaps, air conditioning, cruise control, radio, CD player, etc.).

(c) Freight or transportation charges from the manufacturer to the dealer.

(d) National advertising that may be charged on a unit basis.

(e) Service and handling prior to delivery (preparation charge).

(f) Documentary fees (does not include separately stated title and registration fees or fees associated with the documentation of a watercraft with the U.S. Coast Guard).

(g) Undercoating.

(h) Extended warranty, service or maintenance contracts sold with the vehicle, i.e., as part of the vehicle purchase agreement. (Note: Extended warranties, service or maintenance agreements sold  subsequent to the vehicle’s purchase are subject to sales tax, but tax is paid directly to the vendor of the contract, not through the clerks of courts.)

(i) Delivery charges from the dealer to the customer effective Aug. 2003.

**** Special Notes ****

Manufacturer’s rebates and cash down payments do not reduce the “price” for calculating sales or use tax.  However, “price” is reduced by any cash discount not reimbursed by a third party given at the time of sale.

The 12 percent federal excise tax (FET) levied by the federal government on the purchaser of a heavy truck is not included in the “price” since it is a federal tax on the consumer.

What is included in the "price" of a motor vehicle when calculating the sales and use tax?

“Consideration” or “price” means the aggregate value in money of anything paid or promised to be paid or delivered in exchange for the transfer of either title to or possession of a motor vehicle, all-purpose vehicle, off-highway motorcycle, watercraft, outboard motor or personal watercraft.  “Price” includes manufacturer’s rebates.

A trade-in allowance reduces the price only if you are purchasing a:

    1.  New motor vehicle, all-purpose vehicle or off-highway motorcycle; OR

    2.  New or used watercraft, outboard motor or personal watercraft from an Ohio licensed watercraft dealer. 

The sales or use tax is computed upon the total amount of consideration, whether in cash, by exchange (trade) or by any means whatsoever.

The tax base includes all amounts charged for the following:

(a) Base price of vehicle, watercraft or outboard motor.

(b) Accessories (floor mats, mud flaps, air conditioning, cruise control, radio, CD player, etc.).

(c) Freight or transportation charges from the manufacturer to the dealer.

(d) National advertising that may be charged on a unit basis.

(e) Service and handling prior to delivery (preparation charge).

(f) Documentary fees (does not include separately stated title and registration fees or fees associated with the documentation of a watercraft with the U.S. Coast Guard).

(g) Undercoating.

(h) Extended warranty, service or maintenance contracts sold with the vehicle, i.e., as part of the vehicle purchase agreement. (Note: Extended warranties, service or maintenance agreements sold  subsequent to the vehicle’s purchase are subject to sales tax, but tax is paid directly to the vendor of the contract, not through the clerks of courts.)

(i) Delivery charges from the dealer to the customer effective Aug. 2003.

**** Special Notes ****

Manufacturer’s rebates and cash down payments do not reduce the “price” for calculating sales or use tax.  However, “price” is reduced by any cash discount not reimbursed by a third party given at the time of sale.

The 12 percent federal excise tax (FET) levied by the federal government on the purchaser of a heavy truck is not included in the “price” since it is a federal tax on the consumer.