Frequently Asked Questions

The Ohio Department of Taxation has compiled a list of frequently asked questions covering many different categories.

To view the questions, click on the "Select Category" bar and then click on the category you are interested in.  A list of questions will appear pertaining to that category. Then click on the question you are inquiring about and the answer will appear.

I am from Ohio and am currently serving on active duty in the Army. Am I subject to Ohio individual income tax and school district income tax, and would the answer be any different if I were serving in the National Guard or the reserves?

Yes, Ohio individual income tax applies to all military servicemembers of the active and National Guard or reserve components who are residents of Ohio and are stationed inside the state. School district income tax also applies if the service member’s domicile is within a school district that imposes the tax, even if the service member did not reside in the school district at any time during the taxable year.

Law Change for Taxable Years 2007 and Forward: You and all other service members, however, are affected by a change in law for taxable years beginning on and after Jan. 1, 2007. This law allows for the deduction of your military pay you receive for active duty service while you are stationed outside the state (see Resident Service Members Stationed Outside the State, below) if the military pay is included in your federal adjusted gross income. See division (A)(24) of Ohio Revised Code 5747.01. You must still file an Ohio individual income tax return in order to qualify for the deduction.

You are an Ohio resident if Ohio is indicated as your state of legal residence (e.g., home of record from where you entered the military) in your military personnel record, whether or not you spent any time in Ohio during the taxable year. For purposes of Ohio income taxes, if you are a member of the military and if Ohio is indicated in your military personnel record as your state of legal residence, then you are domiciled in Ohio. This status does not change unless a service member takes action to change it by submitting Department of Defense form DD-2058, and this change is approved by the military. The approved DD-2058 is then placed in the service member's military personnel record.

Filing information is available in:

2013 Ohio income tax publication which contains the 2013 Ohio School District income tax instructions.

Tax Forms

Visit The Finder to locate a school district number by address.

You can calculate a resident tax credit if any of your income was taxed by another state. For information about the resident tax credit, see the instructions for Schedule C in the 2013 Ohio income tax publication.

Resident Service Members Stationed Outside the State: The term “stationed” refers to an Ohio resident servicemember’s permanent duty station. For purposes of this exemption, "permanent duty station" has the same meaning as specified in Ohio Revised Code 5103.20, Article II, Subparagraph (U), that is, it means the military installation where an active duty servicemember – or, concerning this exemption, an Ohio resident servicemember in the National Guard or military reserve forces – is currently assigned and is physically located under competent orders that do not specify the duty as temporary. Periods of training in which a servicemember, either individually or as part of a unit, departs from his/her permanent place of duty and then returns following the completion of the training, is not included in the definition of “stationed.” However, periods of active duty outside Ohio for purposes other than training, or periods of training greater than 30 days outside Ohio, as described below, qualify a servicemember for this exemption.

Please note that under the November 2009 amendment to the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, that an Ohio resident who accompanies his/her military servicemember spouse to a duty station in another state remains subject to Ohio income tax and school district income tax.

Examples of military pay and allowances that do qualify for the Ohio resident service member deduction include the following amounts, but only if the taxpayer receives the amounts while he/she is stationed outside Ohio:

  • Military pay and allowances received while a member of the active component of the U.S. Armed Forces and assigned to a permanent duty station outside Ohio.
  • Military pay and allowances received while a member of the active component of the U.S. Armed Forces, who is assigned to a permanent duty station inside Ohio, only for periods of duty outside Ohio for purposes other than training, or periods of training greater than 30 days outside Ohio.
  • Military pay and allowances received while a member of the National Guard or the reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces in an active duty status outside Ohio, or for periods of training greater than 30 days, outside Ohio.
  • Military pay and allowances received while a member of a unit of the National Guard or the reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces under federal mobilization orders under which the unit mobilizes for training at a non-Ohio location followed by an operational deployment to any non-Ohio location.
  • Military pay and allowances received by cadets at the U.S. service academies, specifically, the Military Academy, the Air Force Academy, the Coast Guard Academy, and by midshipmen at the Naval Academy. Cadets and midshipmen are serving on active duty under the provisions of 38 United States Code section 101 (21) and are eligible for this deduction for the pay they receive while stationed at these facilities to the extent that this pay is included in federal adjusted gross income (line 1 on the Ohio income tax return, IT 1040). However, this deduction is not available for pay received for service in the Reserve Officer Training Corps.

Examples of military pay and allowances that do not qualify for this deduction include the following: 

  • Military pay and allowances received while a member of the active component of the U.S. Armed Forces who is assigned to a permanent duty station inside Ohio and who departs Ohio for a period of temporary duty for unit or individual training of 30 days or less (e.g., training exercises, basic and advanced training courses, and additional skill training courses).
  • Military pay and allowances received while a member of the National Guard or the reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces in an active duty for training status who departs Ohio for a period of temporary duty for unit or individual training of 30 days or less (e.g., unit annual training, training exercises, basic and advanced training courses, and additional skill training courses).
  • Military pay and allowances received for service in a combat zone because that pay is not included in federal adjusted gross income (line 1 on Ohio form IT 1040).
  • Service members eligible for this deduction may request that the military exempt them from Ohio withholding only during the period of their service outside the state by submitting Ohio form IT 4 MIL to their military finance office.

For more information:

You can reach us by e-mail at Military-Info@tax.state.oh.us. Our toll-free number for individual taxpayer inquiries is (800) 282-1780, and the toll-free number for forms is (800) 282-1782.